Rob Ballinger #12 OF Johnson & Wales (RI)

gp 42
avg .238
hr -
rbi 22
r 37
sb 12
Recent Games
Apr 28 Norwich W, 7-6
Apr 28 Norwich W, 15-2
May 2 Anna Maria W, 27-13
May 3 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) W, 9-5
May 5 vs. Suffolk L, 7-6
May 5 vs. Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 42 14
Plate appearances 183 55
At Bats 143 43
Runs 37 11
Hits 34 13
Doubles 8 2
Triples 3 -
Home Runs - -
Runs Batted In 22 6
Total bases 48 15
Walks 31 11
Hit by pitch 6 -
Strikeouts 35 12
Sacrifice Flies 2 1
Sacrifice Hits 1 -
Hit into double play 1 -
Stolen Bases 12 4
Caught Stealing 2 1
Batting Average .238 .302
On Base Percentage .390 .436
Slugging Percentage .336 .349
Appearances 4 1
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 1 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 9.1 2.1
Hits 10 3
Runs 6 1
Earned Runs 6 1
Walks 5 2
Strikeouts 6 2
Strikeouts per Game 5.79 7.71
Doubles Allowed 1 -
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows 1 -
At Bats Against 35 8
Batting Average Against .286 .375
Earned Run Average 5.79 3.86
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters 2 -
Balks 1 1
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed 2 1
Total Chances 94 21
Put Outs 71 14
Assists 20 7
Errors 3 0
Fielding Percentage .968 1.000
Double Plays 2 1
Stolen Bases Allowed 4 -
Runners Caught Stealing 2 1
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage .333 1.000
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 26 vs. York (Pa.) W, 11-0 5 0 1 - - - 2 - 1 - -
Feb 27 vs. York (Pa.) L, 11-2 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 1 vs. John Jay W, 8-3 2 2 2 1 1 - 4 3 - 1 -
Mar 2 vs. Fredonia L, 10-0 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 3 vs. Lehman W, 14-2 3 3 3 2 - - 1 1 - 1 -
Mar 4 at Mary Washington L, 10-6 5 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 3 0 1 - - - 1 - 2 - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 2 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 1 -
Mar 17 Mitchell   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Rhode Island Col. W, 17-6 5 3 3 - 1 - 4 - - - -
Mar 23 Coast Guard W, 6-1 5 1 1 - - - 1 - - 1 -
Mar 24 Keene St. L, 6-5 5 1 1 1 - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 25 at Eastern Conn. St. W, 6-4 4 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 28 Salem St. L, 11-3 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 29 at Wentworth W, 9-8 5 0 1 - - - 1 - 2 - -
Mar 30 Babson L, 10-6 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 31 Curry W, 17-9 4 2 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 5 at Bridgewater St. W, 6-5 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - 1
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 9-2 3 2 2 - - - 2 2 1 - -
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 7-4 5 0 1 - - - 0 1 3 - -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 7-5 1 1 0 - - - 1 2 - 1 -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 4-3 2 1 1 - - - 0 2 1 1 -
Apr 11 at Rhode Island Col. L, 5-4 3 2 2 1 - - 0 2 - 2 -
Apr 13 at Mass.-Dartmouth L, 8-4 4 1 1 - - - 0 1 2 - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 5-0 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 4-2 3 1 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 15 Lasell W, 4-0 2 1 0 - - - 0 2 - 1 -
Apr 15 Lasell L, 5-1 3 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 17 at Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 17-6 2 1 0 - - - 0 2 - - -
Apr 18 WPI W, 12-6 4 1 2 - 1 - 0 - 1 1 -
Apr 20 Framingham St. W, 13-3 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 6-1 3 0 1 1 - - 0 1 1 - 1
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 4-2 4 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 9-1 2 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Apr 24 Salve Regina L, 9-6 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 26 at Roger Williams L, 4-2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 7-6 4 2 2 1 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 15-2 4 2 3 - - - 2 - - 1 -
May 2 Anna Maria W, 27-13 3 3 1 1 - - 2 2 1 - -
May 3 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) W, 9-5 3 2 1 - - - 0 1 2 1 -
May 5 vs. Suffolk L, 7-6 3 1 0 - - - 0 2 1 - -
May 5 vs. Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 26 vs. York (Pa.) W, 11-0 - - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Feb 27 vs. York (Pa.) L, 11-2 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Mar 1 vs. John Jay W, 8-3 - - - 5 2 - - - - 5
Mar 2 vs. Fredonia L, 10-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 3 vs. Lehman W, 14-2 - - - 5 2 - - - - 4
Mar 4 at Mary Washington L, 10-6 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 - - - 1 0 - - - - 3
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 3
Mar 17 Mitchell   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Rhode Island Col. W, 17-6 - - - 5 1 - - 1 - 5
Mar 23 Coast Guard W, 6-1 - - - 1 0 - 3 - - 5
Mar 24 Keene St. L, 6-5 - - - 2 1 - 2 - - 5
Mar 25 at Eastern Conn. St. W, 6-4 - - - 0 0 - 3 1 3.00 4
Mar 28 Salem St. L, 11-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Mar 29 at Wentworth W, 9-8 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Mar 30 Babson L, 10-6 - - 1 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Mar 31 Curry W, 17-9 1 - - 1 0 - - 3 - 6
Apr 5 at Bridgewater St. W, 6-5 - - - 0 0 - 2 - - 5
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 9-2 - - - 2 0 - - - - 5
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 7-4 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 6
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 7-5 - 1 - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 4-3 - - - 1 0 - - - - 4
Apr 11 at Rhode Island Col. L, 5-4 1 - - 3 1 - 1 - - 6
Apr 13 at Mass.-Dartmouth L, 8-4 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 5
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 5-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 3
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 4-2 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Apr 15 Lasell W, 4-0 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 4
Apr 15 Lasell L, 5-1 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Apr 17 at Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 17-6 - - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 18 WPI W, 12-6 1 - - 4 1 - - 1 - 5
Apr 20 Framingham St. W, 13-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 6-1 - - - 2 1 - - 1 - 4
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 4-2 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 9-1 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 3
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 24 Salve Regina L, 9-6 - - - 0 0 - 1 3 0.33 5
Apr 26 at Roger Williams L, 4-2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 28 Norwich W, 7-6 - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 28 Norwich W, 15-2 - - - 3 0 - 1 - - 4
May 2 Anna Maria W, 27-13 1 1 - 2 1 - - 2 - 7
May 3 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) W, 9-5 1 - - 1 0 - - - - 5
May 5 vs. Suffolk L, 7-6 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 5
May 5 vs. Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 1 - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 26 vs. York (Pa.) W, 11-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 27 vs. York (Pa.) L, 11-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 1 vs. John Jay W, 8-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 vs. Fredonia L, 10-0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2 3 3 40.50 - 2 1
Mar 3 vs. Lehman W, 14-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 4 at Mary Washington L, 10-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 17 Mitchell   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Rhode Island Col. W, 17-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 Coast Guard W, 6-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 24 Keene St. L, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 25 at Eastern Conn. St. W, 6-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 28 Salem St. L, 11-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 at Wentworth W, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 30 Babson L, 10-6 0 0 0 0 1.2 2 - - 0.00 1 - -
Mar 31 Curry W, 17-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 5 at Bridgewater St. W, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 7-4 0 0 0 0 2.1 3 1 1 3.86 2 2 -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 7-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 11 at Rhode Island Col. L, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 13 at Mass.-Dartmouth L, 8-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 5-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 15 Lasell W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 15 Lasell L, 5-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 17 at Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 17-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 18 WPI W, 12-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 Framingham St. W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 6-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 24 Salve Regina L, 9-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 26 at Roger Williams L, 4-2 0 0 1 0 4.2 3 2 2 3.86 2 2 -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 7-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 15-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 2 Anna Maria W, 27-13 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 3 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) W, 9-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 5 vs. Suffolk L, 7-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 5 vs. Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 26 vs. York (Pa.) W, 11-0 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 27 vs. York (Pa.) L, 11-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 1 vs. John Jay W, 8-3 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 vs. Fredonia L, 10-0 6 2 4 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
Mar 3 vs. Lehman W, 14-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at Mary Washington L, 10-6 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 11 Mass. Maritime W, 5-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 17 Mitchell   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Rhode Island Col. W, 17-6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 Coast Guard W, 6-1 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 24 Keene St. L, 6-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Eastern Conn. St. W, 6-4 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 28 Salem St. L, 11-3 2 1 0 1 .500 - - - - - -
Mar 29 at Wentworth W, 9-8 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Babson L, 10-6 3 2 1 0 1.000 1 2 1 .333 - -
Mar 31 Curry W, 17-9 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Bridgewater St. W, 6-5 3 2 0 1 .667 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 9-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Anna Maria W, 7-4 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - 1 1.000 - -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 7-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 8 Albertus Magnus W, 4-3 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 11 at Rhode Island Col. L, 5-4 5 5 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Mass.-Dartmouth L, 8-4 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 5-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 14 at Suffolk L, 4-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 15 Lasell W, 4-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 15 Lasell L, 5-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 17 at Wesleyan (Conn.) L, 17-6 6 3 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 18 WPI W, 12-6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 20 Framingham St. W, 13-3 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 6-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 21 at Rivier W, 4-2 5 1 4 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 9-1 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 22 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 24 Salve Regina L, 9-6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Roger Williams L, 4-2 3 0 3 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 7-6 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 28 Norwich W, 15-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 2 Anna Maria W, 27-13 3 2 0 1 .667 - - - - - -
May 3 at Saint Joseph's (Me.) W, 9-5 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Suffolk L, 7-6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Saint Joseph's (Me.) L, 3-2 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2014-15 18 21 6 5 2 - - 7 4 5 - - .238 .370 .333
2015-16 39 135 34 42 7 2 - 15 20 21 9 3 .311 .420 .393
2016-17 41 143 47 51 11 1 2 21 30 24 13 3 .357 .486 .490
2017-18 42 143 37 34 8 3 - 22 31 35 12 2 .238 .390 .336
Total 140 442 124 132 28 6 2 65 85 85 34 8 .299 .429 .403
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2014-15 18 1 1 - 7 2 - 7 3 2.33 27
2015-16 39 6 1 1 53 9 - 46 23 2.00 163
2016-17 41 7 1 2 70 14 1 32 33 0.97 183
2017-18 42 6 2 1 48 11 1 32 38 0.84 183
Total 140 20 5 4 178 36 2 117 97 1.21 556
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2014-15 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2015-16 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2016-17 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2017-18 4 0 0 1 0 - 9.1 10 6 6 5 6 5.79 1 5.79
Total 4 0 0 1 0 - 9.1 10 6 6 5 6 5.79 1 5.79
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2014-15 18 13 9 1 3 .769 - - - - - -
2015-16 39 86 76 7 3 .965 - - - - - -
2016-17 41 74 70 3 1 .986 1 - - - - -
2017-18 42 94 71 20 3 .968 2 4 2 .333 - -
Total 140 267 226 31 10 .963 3 4 2 .333 - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 42 143 37 34 8 3 - 22 31 35 12 2 .238 .390 .336
Conference 14 43 11 13 2 - - 6 11 12 4 1 .302 .436 .349
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 18 61 20 17 3 2 - 12 13 11 7 - .279 .418 .393
Away 17 57 11 11 2 - - 3 12 18 3 2 .193 .352 .228
Neutral 7 25 6 6 3 1 - 7 6 6 2 - .240 .406 .440
 
-
Wins 24 83 28 28 6 3 - 22 21 17 10 2 .337 .482 .482
Losses 18 60 9 6 2 - - 0 10 18 2 - .100 .250 .133
 
-
February 2 9 0 1 - - - 2 - 2 - - .111 .111 .111
March 14 54 13 13 4 2 - 12 7 13 4 - .241 .339 .389
April 22 67 18 18 3 1 - 6 19 15 7 2 .269 .438 .343
May 4 13 6 2 1 - - 2 5 5 1 - .154 .455 .231
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 42 6 2 1 48 11 1 32 38 0.84 183
Conference 14 - 1 - 15 2 - 6 11 0.55 55
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 18 3 2 1 24 5 - 13 20 0.65 80
Away 17 2 - - 13 2 1 13 12 1.08 71
Neutral 7 1 - - 11 4 - 6 6 1.00 32
 
-
Wins 24 4 2 - 40 9 - 17 18 0.94 110
Losses 18 2 - 1 8 2 1 15 20 0.75 73
 
-
February 2 - - - 1 0 - 3 3 1.00 9
March 14 1 - 1 21 6 - 15 12 1.25 63
April 22 2 1 - 23 4 1 12 19 0.63 89
May 4 3 1 - 3 1 - 2 4 0.50 22
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 4 0 0 1 0 - 9.1 10 6 6 5 6 5.79 1 5.79
Conference 1 0 0 0 0 - 2.1 3 1 1 2 2 7.71 - 3.86
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.2 2 - - 1 - .00 - 0.00
Away 2 0 0 1 0 - 7.0 6 3 3 4 4 5.14 - 3.86
Neutral 1 0 0 0 0 - 0.2 2 3 3 - 2 27.00 1 40.50
 
-
Wins 1 0 0 0 0 - 2.1 3 1 1 2 2 7.71 - 3.86
Losses 3 0 0 1 0 - 7.0 7 5 5 3 4 5.14 1 6.43
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 2 0 0 0 0 - 2.1 4 3 3 1 2 7.71 1 11.57
April 2 0 0 1 0 - 7.0 6 3 3 4 4 5.14 - 3.86
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 42 94 71 20 3 .968 2 4 2 .333 - -
Conference 14 21 14 7 0 1.000 1 - 1 1.000 - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 18 32 27 3 2 .938 1 2 1 .333 - -
Away 17 41 27 13 1 .976 1 1 1 .500 - -
Neutral 7 21 17 4 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
 
-
Wins 24 46 37 7 2 .957 1 - 1 1.000 - -
Losses 18 48 34 13 1 .979 1 4 1 .200 - -
 
-
February 2 7 7 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
March 14 30 24 5 1 .967 1 3 1 .250 - -
April 22 46 30 15 1 .978 1 1 1 .500 - -
May 4 11 10 0 1 .909 - - - - - -